Thursday, January 16, 2020
The recently released air quality study from Alarm Quality Management District (CAME) showed that Carson had a higher level of carcinogens than a comparable city because of the excessive use of cigarette smoke. In this year alone, he Surgeon General reported an Increase of deaths by 20% due to cigarette smoking, I. . , emphysema, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pollutant level from cigarette smoke has increased the likelihood of a health related illness and/or death by 40%. COW Lives Wellness Inc. Has proposed to reduce cigarette smoking by 30% over the next three years. Our comprehensive program Includes two components. One component target individuals who do not smoke and the other component target individuals who want to stop smoking. Although the programs are different in approach, they share the same outcome. CHEVY has partnered with the Boys and Girls Club of Carson and the older.By using electronic media, posters, pamphlets, and sched uling site visits, COW will be a constant and continual presence, enforcing the effects of cigarette smoking on health and the community. We will have guest speakers talk about youth and cigarette smoke, filmstrips to hospitals and respiratory centers, and the program culminates with a visit to the county medical examiner's office where the students will see a posthumous lung, esophagi, and larynx that were affected by cigarette smoke or second hand cigarette smoke. The second component deals with individuals who are currently smoking.This program includes a medical program where the client would meet with a medical doctor prior to moving on through our variety of treatment and counseling and education programs. The participants in this component will also be required to work with the participants in the prevention component to give a Ã¢â¬Å"real-lifeÃ¢â¬ perspective on what smoking has done to them in their lives. Our eager and passionate team consists of our President, Eire's W icks, MD. , MBA, specializing in pediatric behaviors, with 12 years of experience in operating a successful non-profit organization; Vanessa Knee, Ph.D. De. , Vice President and Director of Education, with 10 years of experience creating educational curriculum for K-12 schools; Hydra. Hearer, Vice President and Chief of Communications, Master's degree in Communications and Community Relations. Ms. Hearer has 10 years of experience in Public Outreach and Media Relations; and Chris Anderson, Director of Operations and Case Management. Mr.. Anderson has a dual Master's Degree in Psychology and Sociology, and has 10 years' experience specializing in chemical dependency and addition;COW mission is clear, and we are equipped and ready to save lives. We request that you partner with us by funding $80,000. 00 to help bring this life saving program to fruition. Sincerely, Eire's R. Wicks President Carson, CA has a population of about 92,000, 76% are adults, and 24% are people under the age o f 18. The community is inundated with poor air quality due to industry and cigarette smoking. With an overwhelming number of documented smokers (13. 7%), and the increase of new smokers, the community is in dire need of an intervention.Recent studies have shown an increase in smoking related deaths ever the past year and Air Quality Management District has deemed Carson as the unhealthiest city in the South Basin. If this community is not given an opportunity to receive professional help to end smoking addiction in addition to smoking prevention programs, the city of Wildfowl will slowly self-destruct. Worse yet, this problem would reach further than the City of Carson, economic impact would spread to the County, State, and Federal Government who would incur the medical costs and lose the worthwhile contributions to society that would have come from this thriving immunity.Project Abstract COW Lives Inc. Is seeking grant funding to improve air quality and reduce smoker related illnes ses and deaths in the community of Carson, CA. Smoking cigarettes is proven to be one of the most preventable causes of death in the United States. Studies show that cigarette smoking is one of the most highly addictive and destructive behaviors of modern mankind. Documented consequences of cigarette smoking include high risk exposure to deadly diseases such as lung cancer, emphysema, and heart disease.The number of people under the age of 70 ho die from smoking related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents, and drug addictions combined. Dating back to the sass's the US Surgeon General has warned that cigarette smoking is hazardous to human health. Many public awareness attempts have been made over the years to warn against cigarette smoking however there remains much more that needs to be done to target and prevent children from starting the addictive behavior of cigarette smoking and educating addicted smokers on available pr oven methods to stop the addiction.Carson, CA is a community located in the East Los Angles area of Southern CA with a population of 15,000, 65% adult and 35% children under the age of 18. Current statistics show that 85% of the adults in Wildfowl have smoked cigarettes for all of their adult life with 40% starting before reaching the age of 18. Additionally studies released by the regions' Air Quality Management District (CAME) reported Wildfowl as having one of the highest rates of airborne carcinogens in the southern basin. Miming to gather more activists' against smoking, our project proposes to reduce make and tobacco use in the targeted community of Carson by 30% over 3 years. To conduct our project we have a team of (10) college pre-medical and graduate study students consisting of (3) medical students, (3) sociology majors, (2) psychology majors, and (2)K-12 education majors. The community of Carson has seven K-12 public schools; (4) elementary, (2) middle, and (1) senior. T he largest employer of adult workers is Aerospace Incorporated, an industry with two major manufacturing plants in Carson employing 80% of the adult working population.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1055 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/04/04 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Lord of The Flies Essay Did you like this example? The Lord of the Flies Freudian Theory [People] are all born with a unique genetic blueprint, which lays out the basic characteristics for our personality, and yet, well all know life experiences do change [people](Vinge). In the novel Lord of the Flies, the concept of Sigmund Freuds personality theory is present in various character and. Golding personified the id, ego, and superego in his characters of Jack, Ralph, and Piggy. Influenced by his awareness of Freudian ideals, William Golding proves that all men, when faced with difficulty, will experience a struggle within themselves. Throughout the novel Lord of the Flies used as an example of Sigmund Freuds theory of Id, Ego, and Superego. His theory refers to a persons mind as having three different ideas fighting one another with one winning in the end. The winning idea being the persons action. The Id of your brain does not care about any other person and only cares for itself. If you are hungry and dont have money you will steal food. Ego is in between Id and Superego, it allows you to wait until the appropriate time to satisfy your need. If you dont have money and need food instead of stealing you ask money from a person. Super Ego is your morals and ethics. It is your inner voice telling you to do the right thing. There are two sections of Superego. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Lord of the Flies Freudian Theory" essay for you Create order The Ego Ideal is what your brain registers as what you should do or what is right to do like save a person from a burning building. Conscience is what your brain registers as a wrong example knowing that stealing is very wrong. If you are following Superego an example is if you are hungry without money you get a job and work for money and help anyone else who needs help. All three of these are shown in the novel. They create a government but it slowly turns to shambles and most of the boys turn savage all except Ralph, Piggy and Simon. There are many instances of Id in the book, most of these instances are formed by the uncivil tribal boys. Id is represented throughout the book this way for example this quote. The pigs head hung down with a gaping heck and seemed to search for something on the ground. At last the words of the chant floated up to them, across the bowl of blackened wood and ashes. Kill the pig! Cut her throat! Spill her blood!(Golding 4). In this quote the tribal boys disregard the pigs life by killing it so brutally and allowing its piglets to watch. They then dance like savages around the fire and this is the start of the tribe going savage. Which shows Id in the fact that they are only thinking of themselves and taking a life. Often in the book the quote Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood! is used, this shows the tribe is slowly turning Id completely that can also be described as savage. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on the beast, screamed, struck, hit, tore.(Golding 153). These actions are Id because they are killing one of the boys because they are bloodthirsty and itching to kill when the unfortunate Simon shows up. They decide to think of only their need for blood, and disregard his life as well similarly to how they disregarded the sow, in the way that they dont give him a chance to live and are horribly brutal to him. The tribe through the book turns savage, taking many lives without regard for the fallen and only thinking of themselves. Ego is represented like the other two branches in this book. It is not very often but very prominent when found. One example of Ego is, That was murder(Golding 156). In this quote Ralph is upset. He at the time just stood there and watched as his friend was murdered. This shows Ego because he knows this was wrong but did not act upon his feeling. My Auntie wouldnt let me blow on account of my Asama(Golding 16). This quote is Ego because Piggy understands his limitations and the rules that his Aunt made. He is respecting these rules and following them by letting Ralph blow the conch to call the others. This shows Ego because he is following rules his Aunt gave him. Though there are only a small amount of quotes in this book that are Ego they are prominent and show that the boys know what society would think of their actions. Super Ego is represented like the others throughout the book by Ralph and Piggy as well as other boys. Ralph looked at him quickly and Piggy blushed. I mean-to make sure nothing happens(Golding 148). In this quote Piggy wants to go check on the other tribe that deserted them and make sure that everything is alright, that they have water, food, fire, and housing. Piggy often makes comments similar to this one in the book where he chooses to look after other members of the group. This shows Super Ego because he is looking out for others and is trying to do what is righteous. Just an ordinary fire. Youd think we could do that? Just a smoke signal so we can be rescued. Only now theres no signal going up, ships may be passing. Do you remember how he went hunting and the fire went out and a ship passed by? And they all think hes best as chief. Then there was, there was thats his fault too. If it hadnt been for him it would never have happened. Now Piggy cant see and they came stealing(Golding, 170). Ralph is upset that the new tribe is savage that reminds the few people who are still with him that a morality society is best and helps everyone. He is looking out for every ones best interests and wishes for everyone to get along. As proven through the reading this demonstrates Sigmund Freuds theory of Id, Ego, and Superego. As you can see from the above this theory is very distinguished in this classic tale of the unfortunate result in human behavior. Although this story is truly a hard fact of life is very unfortunate the way it is.
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Leadership and Culture Ethical Leadership According to research studies on organizational leadership, Ã¢â¬Å"powerful leaders can have substantial impact on the lives of followers and the fate of an organizationÃ¢â¬ (Yukl, 2006, p.340). Nevertheless, Heifetz (1994) points out, Ã¢â¬Å"there is no ethically neutral ground for theories of leadership, because they always involve values and implicit assumptions about proper forms of influence. The complexity of issues surrounding ethical and unethical leadership influences, are determining by the criteria utilized by leaders among members. Emphasized in theories of ethical leadership are behavior approaches of several identifying leaders: (1) servant leadership, (2) spiritual leadership, and (3) authentic leadership. Servant Leadership Scholars argue about the fundamental concept of servant leadership. However, many identifiable concepts surrounding those arguments are derived from being egotistical or self- oriented. As Blanchard Hodges (2005), states, Ã¢â¬Å"leaders must first overcome their egoÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to be served and learn to focus on serving othersÃ¢â¬ . Leaders who serve in humility with respect to members are clearly identified with scriptural text, Ã¢â¬Å"Rather, in humility value others above yourselves, not looking to your own interest but to the interest of othersÃ¢â¬ (Philippines 2:4, NIV). Spiritual Leadership Many scholars agree on the connection between spiritual leadership and religion. However, In Yukl (2006), Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership inShow MoreRelatedEthical Leadership And Culture : Essay1868 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages 1. Ethical leadership and culture: 1.1. The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"leadership by exampleÃ¢â¬ means to have a leader who does the exact thing that he is asking his employees to do. For instance, if a manager is asking his employees to leave by 5 pm for the day, then the manager should himself leave by 5 pm as well. If he stays back to get more work done, he would eventually make his employees feel guilty which might result in them staying late as well. The whole concept of the ruleRead MoreEthical Leadership Styles As Tools For Influencing Organizational Culture751 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscuss ethical leadership styles as tools for influencing organizational culture while respecting the diversity of cultures embodied by employees. The variety of leadership styles are because of the cultural influences, people of different cultures have diverse beliefs and expectations about what is perceived as effective leadership (Jogulu, 2010). 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Also, there has been an increase in consciousness aboutRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Models Organizational Culture Cornelius Cash Grand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. Ethical leaders have a solid foundational belief in honesty and trustworthiness and disseminate these principles throughout the organization. This paper will present ethical leadership models asRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Leadership Models Organizational Culture Cornelius Cash Grand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. 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The following findings concentrate on research limitations, ethical standards, analysis of data and conclusionsRead MoreLeadership Effectiveness: Style and Ethics800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Effectiveness: Style and Ethics Culture is a powerful force in organizations. Leaders must build and share a vision with followers which is ripe for the culture and current climate. Leaders must also recognize when an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture no longer supports the mission. Target Corporate Target is a corporate pillar in Minneapolis, Minnesota. TargetÃ¢â¬â¢s mission is, Ã¢â¬Å"to make Target your preferred shopping destination in all channels by delivering outstanding value, continuous innovation
Sunday, December 22, 2019
TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s real estate market is one of uncertainty and instability. As property values continue to drop and foreclosures lead to the depreciation of more and more neighborhoods, the true bottom of the housing market is still a guessing game. The subprime mortgage collapse has taken its toll on home owners, investment groups, financial institutions, and the economy as a whole. The once thriving market that saw the construction of 2,068,000 new homes in 2005 alone has since imploded (Utt 2008). Until the foreclosures and short sales that saturate AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s neighborhoods are gone, there is no chance for any home to regain its value. It is estimated that 9 million Ã¢â¬Å"upside downÃ¢â¬ homeowners continue to struggle to pay for houses that they oweÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These flags along with creditors failing to verify employment, level of income, and predatory loans greatly contributed to the extremely high foreclosure rate. There was a wide range of predatory loans offered over the course of the housing bubble. A couple particular types that were popular with lenders and borrowers was the adjustable interest mortgage (ARM) and the interest only (I-O) loans (Housing 2007). The adjustable rate mortgage loan was extremely appealing to borrowers due to the low introductory interest rate (Housing 2007). These ARM loans were a convenience for investors looking to get in and get out. The low introductory rate kept payments at a minimum while people could get in make upgrades and Ã¢â¬Å"flipÃ¢â¬ the property. The downfall to this type of loan came to those who could not sell or were looking to keep the property. Once the loan hit a particular day usually the two year mark the interest rate would fluctuate upward and make the payment unaffordable for many. This type of loan greatly contributed to the subprime foreclosure numbers totaling 1.65 million from November 2008 to February 2009 (Squires 2010). Another option offered by lenders was the interestShow MoreRelatedThe Nightmare Of The American Dream1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Nightmare of the American Dream. Introduction The future of work is a topic that many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t take the time to actually analyze and question as to what it will be like when the future actually comes. The films Wage Crisis by Michael Maher; Park Avenue: Money, Power and the American Dream: Why Poverty? by Alex Gibney; and The Secret of Oz by Ben Still, are some of the films that highlight the future of work and the how the wages and the economy are really affecting those who are looking forRead MoreIs The American Dream Creating An American Nightmare?1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIs The American Dream Creating an American Nightmare? Children are told from an early age that they can become anything they want to be, and people flock in droves to the United States, Ã¢â¬Å"The Land of OpportunitiesÃ¢â¬ to achieve this American Dream. Author, James T. Adams, coined the term American Dream in his book Ã¢â¬Å"The Epic of AmericaÃ¢â¬ as, That dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.Ã¢â¬ (Adams pRead MoreThe American Dream : An Unfortunate Nightmare1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The American Dream: An unfortunate Nightmare Institutionalized racism: the big elephant in the room. By definition, institutionalized racism is Ã¢â¬Å"Any action, intentional or unintentional, that is based on race or skin color and that subordinates an individual or group based on skin color or race is racismÃ¢â¬ says professor Vernellia R. Randall( cite). Institutionalized racism exist in ever facet of our society. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re many cases where a decision was made based on someones race. For example: discriminationRead MoreCollege : An American Dream Or A Financial Nightmare? Essay1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCollege: An American dream or a financial nightmare? 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He was in denial and believed that he could be just as successful as theRead MoreTaking a Look at Nightmare Disorders992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages A nightmare in particular is an event that typically occurs during the rapid eye movement stage (REM) of sleep. Researchers and psychologist (Lance Schrijnemaekers, 2013; Barlow Durand, 2012; Levin Nielsen, 2009) distinguish nightmares as an event that awakens person, whereas Ã¢â¬Å"bad dreamÃ¢â¬ does not. One of the prominent features that is most notable in nightmares is that they can induce anxiety, fear, as well as distress within an individual who experiences them (Nightmares, 2010). At what pointRead More The Role of Financial Stability in Truman Capotes In Cold Blood1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstability is an important component in the typical view of the Ã¢â¬Å"American dream.Ã¢â¬ It is fair to say that the Clutters embody this concept, which involves a pattern of social and personal virtue that is accompanied by financial stability. 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Saturday, December 14, 2019
The Contemporary International System The structure of the contemporary international system involves many different factors that influence how the world operates today. The international system is defined as the study of the interactions among the various actors that participate in international politics, including states, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, sub-national entities, and individuals. The study of international relations aims to evaluate how countries interact within the political and social international system. We will write a custom essay sample on The Contemporary International System or any similar topic only for you Order Now Factors such as, technological change, shifts of national power and various changes in the environment influence todayÃ¢â¬â¢s system and how we live on a day-to-day basis. History is another factor that must be recognized in the shaping of the world system. Events that occurred in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have a great impact today, as we are able to make future projections based on historical trends. The operation and structure of the international system involves various social and political factors that shape the world we live in today. The shaping of the contemporary system was achieved through the concept of globalization. This idea is often referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"shrinkage of the worldÃ¢â¬ and has been made possible through the advancement in modern technology. Globalization is the process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through an international network of political ideas. Today, a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s technological capability is the main indicator of its power. Technology directly affects a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth though innovation. This growth then allows that country to produce military weapons for protection and could potentially throw off the balance of power between states. Technology and innovation can also determine a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s trade capacity, which can limit the amount a country can import and export. A nation with great trade capabilities will experience international financial flows into their country, thus stimulating economic growth. Technology provides a framework for both the relative and absolute power between states and greatly impacts the structure of the international system. For example, if we evaluate the correlation of power and technology throughout history, we see that the United States and Germany experienced dramatic changes in their global position following the second industrial revolution, just as Great Britain had following the first industrial revolution. These powers have since failed to maintain their place at the forefront of technological innovation, and have faded from the international scene. Countries like Japan have been very technologically advanced for the last 50 years and have moved to the forefront of the international scene. The global scene that was once dominated by the United States, may have a new power due to JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s vast technological and innovative capabilities. Businesses have also globalized, as they are now able to interact with companies overseas with the click of a button. Since travel has become Ã¢â¬Å"easyÃ¢â¬ businesses are now able to meet face to face with their international partners on a regular basis. There are proper customs that people must follow when engaging in foreign business practices. For example, the exchange of business cards is a formal practice in countries like China and Japan. Foreign business associates may see it as a sign of disrespect if one is not educated on the proper customs of that country. The structure and operation of the international system is also influenced by the behaviors of the actors within that system. For centuries, the idea of the Ã¢â¬Å"stateÃ¢â¬ was centered upon the idea of inclusion and exclusion. This idea became the centerpiece of national politics for centuries and is a major reason for conflicts within the system. After the French Revolution these states were formed on the three ideologies of realism, liberalism, and idealism. Karen Mingst and Jack Snyder define these ideologies and explain the assumptions behind the weaknesses that lead to misguided policies. Realism instills an appreciation of the role of power but warns that states will suffer if they overreach. The cooperation among states is a way to maximize each individual stateÃ¢â¬â¢s security and often calls for Ã¢â¬Å"backingÃ¢â¬ during times of conflict. World War II resembles a realist idea as each state was drawn to fight to maximize its own security. Liberalism identifies the potential for democracies, but also notes that democracies can lead to tyrannies and the threat of a violent collapse. This arose after World War I in response to the inability to control and limit war within the international system. Lastly, Idealism stresses that a stateÃ¢â¬â¢s values must reinforce any stable political order but recognizes that there is also a potential for conflict. Together these three perspectives form the core of the contemporary international system. In order to fully understand the contemporary international system, we must first understand the historical trends in the state and international system. International Relations can be traced back to the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 where the modern state system was developed. This instituted the concept of sovereignty, which is defined as absolute and perpetual power invested in a commonwealth. This power does not exist in an individual, but in a state. In this, the leaders are limited by divine law and are Ã¢â¬Å"subject to the laws of God and nature. Ã¢â¬ This belief is still held today and believers attribute the legitimacy of the state to the consent of the people. After all, the Ã¢â¬Å"peopleÃ¢â¬ are the fundamental the source of all political power. In conclusion, the contemporary international system was shaped on the basis of globalization, the behaviors of the actors within the international system, and the evaluation of historical patterns. The world is constantly changing and evolving toward a more connected population. The widespread use of social media and continued advances in technology allow the population to connect with each other as if they were sitting in the same room. As we move toward this new era, we must identify these historical patterns in order to further improve our future international relations. How to cite The Contemporary International System, Essay examples
Friday, December 6, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Interpersonal Communicaiton In Animal Ecology. Answer: Introduction Animal communication involves the transfer of information from an individual group of an animal to another, which affects the behavior of the receivers. Information, in this case, can be sent intentionally, for instance in a courtship display, or unintentionally, as in the case of predator to prey. Most of the aspects of animal behavior, for instance, emotional expressions are understood in different ways (Calabrese Berger, 2015, 102). Throughout their lives, animals can gather and weigh information, to make decisions based on different states. Most of the decisions in social interactions, intersexual competition, and mate choice rely on the information transfer, mostly between the senders and the receivers (Calabrese Berger, 2015, 102). The methodology used for this paper is case studies, which provide clear information needed for development of the topic under consideration in animal ecology. This paper provides a detailed report on the benefits of listening skills, and challenge s of incorporating interpersonal communication in animal ecology. Definition And Explanation Of The Three Required Skills The Interpersonal Communication Skill of Listening and the Benefits Effective communication is an innate talent, which most individuals possess, while others do not. However, communication is something which can be learned or practiced. Learning strategies are bound to help individuals especially those dealing with animals in the field of ecology to be able to master their interpersonal communication skills (Knapp et al., 2014, 78). A different technique is used while getting a message across individuals, either in the workplace or different settings. the skill of listening enables human beings to be very well versed with messages passed on to them, either between individuals, groups, and even in interacting with animals in this field. The interpersonal communication skill of listening ensures that messages are not distorted and more so, that the basic and important information is passed as desired from one party to the other. The skill of feedback and benefits There is a need to recognize the availability of different challenges, which interrupt effective communication across different individual and different settings (Knapp et al., 2014, 78). Interpersonal communication has been broken down into different elements, for easier understanding. Common elements in this aspect include; the communicator, who involve the ender and the receiver. The second element is the message, which I the actual speech used or the information which I conveyed. The other element is noise, which refers to anything that tries to distort the message feedback comprises of the message which is returned by the receiver and allowed the receiver to gauge how well his message has been received (Miller Steinberg, 2016, 76). This sill calls for the need to understand where the speaker I coming from, and more so, reflecting on their feelings. If feelings are unclear or hidden, the content of the message is usually paraphrased (Kiesler, 2016, 19). This way, there is a need to use gestures, facial expressions and occasionally nodding to show understanding. Feedback therefore, is also important to human beings, in that it ensures that the message passed is understood, and that time is saved between parties to ensure proper information dissemination in the long run. The skill of questioning and the benefits Eye contact attracts a lot of attention, which in turn leads to effective message transfer in the case of questioning. (Miller Steinberg, 2016, 76). This is considered the most fundamental ingredient of effective questioning and communication. Eye contact takes away all forms of distractions and ensures that the focus is between the sender and the receiver of the message. Now that eye contact is already created, there is a need to give attention, remain ready and more so, being present. With this skill, all background activity is screened out, and the focus is on the speech mannerism and the feeling of the two parties; the sender and the receiver of the messages (Kiesler, 2016, 19). The skill of questioning ensures that every party is on board, in regards to what is being discussed. Another benefit associated with the skill of questioning regard the fact that human beings can ask for clarifications where necessary. This will in turn, help to ensure that a sense of sureness is always obtained before interpreting messages. Key Challenge Fear is the key challenge to incorporating interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology. Fear is the silent killer of communication effectiveness, and loving relationships. In most cases, individuals are fearful in establishing relationships with animals, in the sense of being close to them, and more so, understanding their feelings (Strate, 2004, 82). In most cases, one is not sure how animals might react, hence opt to keep a distance and not interact with them. It is important to note that in most cases, animals are friendly, and it only takes understanding to be at par with them, and understand their worries, emotions, feelings among others (Strate, 2004, 82). Effective interpersonal skills, enable individuals actually to communicate with animals and predict their next moves and feelings, or reactions. Conclusion This paper has managed to bring out the basics of interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology (Strate, 2004, 82). In the case of the three listening and questioning skills, the elements of attentiveness, understanding and eye contact a well as regular feedback have been discussed. The benefits of each have also been brought out in the following action. The field of animal ecology and understanding calls for general and consistent feedback, as well as an emotional contact between the receiver and the sender of information (Lannamann, 2011, 182). Evidently, animals communicate among themselves, but with the embracement of interpersonal skills, it is possible for humans to understand how animals behave generally, and product their behavior in the most efficient ways. The bottom line is that the field of communication might be relatively complex, but understanding is the key to overall effectiveness in this aspect, which applies to both human beings and animals. Recommendation Interpersonal communication can be adequately implemented into the field of animal ecology particularly when individuals remain willing, and more so, where relevant bodies are active enough in enhancing the establishment of this matter (Emerson et al., 2009, 72). Collaboration or teamwork is the best aspect and favorable recommendation towards enhancing the incorporation of interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology. This includes getting along well with others, and more so, building rapport, to ensure that by the end of the day, both the aim of the receiver and the sender are achieved (Emerson et al., 2009, 72). This recommendation aims at ensuring that correct steps are also followed when it comes to the incorporation of skills and different mechanisms in establishing relationships altogether. Interpersonal communication and how to enhance its effectiveness is considered a mystery and a challenge in most disciplines. However, with the correct knowledge and informati on in place, it is easier to achieve all desired outcomes, without any struggle in the long run (Nicholas et al., 2010, 98). Expert advice, however, still needs to be relied on when making implementations in this discipline. Bibliography DeVito, J.A., 2015.The interpersonal communication book. Pearson. Berger, C.R., and Calabrese, R.J., 2015. Some explorations in initial interaction and beyond: Toward a developmental theory of interpersonal communication.Human communication research,1(2), pp.99-112. Knapp, M.L., Vangelisti, A.L. and Caughlin, J.P., 2014.Interpersonal communication human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed. Miller, G.R. and Steinberg, M., 2015.Between people: A new analysis of interpersonal communication. Science Research Associates. Kiesler, D.J., 2016.Contemporary interpersonal theory and research: Personality, psychopathology, and psychotherapy. John Wiley Sons. Barnlund, D.C., 2016. 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