Monday, January 14, 2019

Cja 224 Week 1

CJA/224 Monday April 15, 2013 The American Criminal Court Systems The American wretched tap formations argon made up of federal glumicial and State speak tos. The State tribunal deals mainly with civil, traffic, and family issues. The Federal administration handles more serious violations which intromit federal and government violations and issues between actual states. If the courtship is either federal or state trial courts determine guilt and convictions. Our court systems are really complex, but recently Community courts let been added and that is used for less offense, and broadly speaking used for mediation.The Federal court consists are military courts, intertheme courts and trading, and in any case includes ninety four district courts. The district courts are used for trials and convictions. The Federal court systems too deal with all tax situations. The Federal courts have twelve circuits in the appellate courts. The appellate courts are used for appeal cases that were once heard in trial. If you want to appeal your conviction, the appellate court is where you should have your case heard. The Supreme Court is the highest possible court.It has nine honourableices with angiotensin-converting enzyme chief umpire. The Supreme Court only hears about two speed of light cases a year, so it is very rare for the justices to accept to hear your case if you chose to try and appeal within the Supreme Court. The dual court system explains that both the Federal and State courts bat separately under iodin judicial government. As I had stated above, the Federal court deals with national truth and the State courts deal with state and civil. They both rarely employ together, both courts work under superstar government but work almost completely separate from one another.The constitution of the United States is establish off Federal rightfulnesss which do apply to the country as a whole, which includes all the states. Federal jurisprudences are universal all over the country, as the state laws vary from state to state. Each state has the opportunity to effect its own laws for that state, which is why you notice laws are different in one state to another. Our nation follows either common or civil law. general law was first established in England in the Middle Ages, as civil law first was established in continental atomic number 63 around the same time and was also applied o Spain and Portugal. special K law isnt based on statues as civil law is which can be confusing for most. Civil law is codified, which has shaped our court systems. This allows appropriate punishment for separately offense brought to the court room. The Judge has a role to bring all the evidence out in a civil law system and the applicable code is applied to each case. This has shaped our court systems because the American court systems is strongly common law based which was brought from England in the Middle Ages.Civil law is practiced in America, j ust in a small amount, mostly in state courts. lanthanum is a great example of the civil law system. Louisiana has a strong French and Spanish influence, and the civil system did once push through in England and Spain. The Criminal justice system serves three main purposes in the United States. The three main purposes are to canvass, to prosecute, and to punish crimes. The most primary role in the criminal justice system is to investigate crimes and allegations.If the law enforcement feels as if the investigation is complete and needs further investigation the cases are sent to the correct attorneys. Prosecuting offenders is another purpose in the criminal justice system. If the alleged crime violated is deserving of prosecution then the cases is taken to court (state court) and is handled by the prosecuting attorney. The criminal justice systems doesnt only investigate and prosecute, it also punishes offenders for their crimes. There are many different types of punishment whic h include fines, probation and jail time.Not only does the criminal justices system punish but it also has programs for prisoners to take once they are released from jail or taken off probation to help them from repeating the crime they were already punished for in the beginning. This is what the criminal justice systems call rehabilitation programs. References 1. Walker, Samuel (1992). Origins of the Contemporary Criminal Justice image The American Bar Foundation Survey, 1953-1969. Justice Quarterly9(1). 2. Neocleous, note (2004). Fabricating Social Order A Critical History of Police Power. capital of the United Kingdom Pluto Press. pp. 9394. ISBN

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