Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Leadership and Culture Ethical Leadership According to research studies on organizational leadership, Ã¢â¬Å"powerful leaders can have substantial impact on the lives of followers and the fate of an organizationÃ¢â¬ (Yukl, 2006, p.340). Nevertheless, Heifetz (1994) points out, Ã¢â¬Å"there is no ethically neutral ground for theories of leadership, because they always involve values and implicit assumptions about proper forms of influence. The complexity of issues surrounding ethical and unethical leadership influences, are determining by the criteria utilized by leaders among members. Emphasized in theories of ethical leadership are behavior approaches of several identifying leaders: (1) servant leadership, (2) spiritual leadership, and (3) authentic leadership. Servant Leadership Scholars argue about the fundamental concept of servant leadership. However, many identifiable concepts surrounding those arguments are derived from being egotistical or self- oriented. As Blanchard Hodges (2005), states, Ã¢â¬Å"leaders must first overcome their egoÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to be served and learn to focus on serving othersÃ¢â¬ . Leaders who serve in humility with respect to members are clearly identified with scriptural text, Ã¢â¬Å"Rather, in humility value others above yourselves, not looking to your own interest but to the interest of othersÃ¢â¬ (Philippines 2:4, NIV). Spiritual Leadership Many scholars agree on the connection between spiritual leadership and religion. However, In Yukl (2006), Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership inShow MoreRelatedEthical Leadership And Culture : Essay1868 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages 1. Ethical leadership and culture: 1.1. The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"leadership by exampleÃ¢â¬ means to have a leader who does the exact thing that he is asking his employees to do. For instance, if a manager is asking his employees to leave by 5 pm for the day, then the manager should himself leave by 5 pm as well. If he stays back to get more work done, he would eventually make his employees feel guilty which might result in them staying late as well. The whole concept of the ruleRead MoreEthical Leadership Styles As Tools For Influencing Organizational Culture751 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscuss ethical leadership styles as tools for influencing organizational culture while respecting the diversity of cultures embodied by employees. The variety of leadership styles are because of the cultural influences, people of different cultures have diverse beliefs and expectations about what is perceived as effective leadership (Jogulu, 2010). Due to the global environment were organizations operate, it is necessary to identify l eadership models that will work within the various cultures in theRead MoreHow Ethical Leadership is Associated with Employee Output and Organizational Culture1957 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesFor an effective and long term success for managers in leadership position, managers have to set an example with high moral standards and conduct that is shown in their daily activities. This kind of leadership qualities must be exerted in their everyday talk, actions, and conduct in the work environment. Today, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s more demand to be more progressive and efficient in the work place with no room for error (Veiga, Golden, Dechant, 2004). Also, there has been an increase in consciousness aboutRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Models Organizational Culture Cornelius Cash Grand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. Ethical leaders have a solid foundational belief in honesty and trustworthiness and disseminate these principles throughout the organization. This paper will present ethical leadership models asRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Leadership Models Organizational Culture Cornelius Cash Grand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. Ethical leaders have a foundational belief in honesty and trustworthiness and disseminating these principles throughout the organization. This paper will present ethical leadership models as toolsRead MoreEthical Ethics And Ethical Leadership1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Ethical. Corporate scandals and ethical issues have increased the awareness, attention, and need of ethical leadership in business. Unique from other leadership types, ethical leadership is an overt leadership attempt to influence followersÃ¢â¬â¢ ethical conduct by emphasizing moral management. Ethical leaders play a critical role in promoting and perpetuating a social exchange and culture of honesty, accountability, unbiased treatment, consideration, and respect across an organization. Wang andRead MoreOrganizational Culture And Its Impact On Employees Performance And Innovative Work Behavior949 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfacing unprecedented challenges in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s global organizations to prove themselves in employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ perception of being ethical leaders. Some conducts, which might be considered right in one organizational culture might be considered wrong in another. Normative appropriate conduct varies with societal and organizational culture (Yidong Xinxin, 2013). Perception of leaders being ethical affects employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ performance and innovative work behavior (Yidong Xinxin, 2013). Global leaders should possessRead MoreCulture Shaping Leadership : The Business World987 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCulture-Shaping Leadership The business world has expanded globally in the 21st century. With the development of the Internet, companies can expand into new markets in a fraction of the time previously necessary. With this new global frontier, organizations have found new challenges. Culture barriers present real obstacles for building cohesive organizational structure. In order to overcome this hurdle and take advantage of the cultural diversity, the leadership must find an effective model to accommodateRead MoreEssay on Applied Business Research Case Study935 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand business leaders realize the need for ethical and sound leadership. The need for ethical and sound leadership helps to facilitate and manage daily operations and to sustain their competitive advantage within the global economy. However, with this evolution, numerous research studies add to the understanding of leadership theories and the effects on organizational climate and culture. The following findings concentrate on research limitations, ethical standards, analysis of data and conclusionsRead MoreLeadership Effectiveness: Style and Ethics800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Effectiveness: Style and Ethics Culture is a powerful force in organizations. Leaders must build and share a vision with followers which is ripe for the culture and current climate. Leaders must also recognize when an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture no longer supports the mission. Target Corporate Target is a corporate pillar in Minneapolis, Minnesota. TargetÃ¢â¬â¢s mission is, Ã¢â¬Å"to make Target your preferred shopping destination in all channels by delivering outstanding value, continuous innovation
Sunday, December 22, 2019
TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s real estate market is one of uncertainty and instability. As property values continue to drop and foreclosures lead to the depreciation of more and more neighborhoods, the true bottom of the housing market is still a guessing game. The subprime mortgage collapse has taken its toll on home owners, investment groups, financial institutions, and the economy as a whole. The once thriving market that saw the construction of 2,068,000 new homes in 2005 alone has since imploded (Utt 2008). Until the foreclosures and short sales that saturate AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s neighborhoods are gone, there is no chance for any home to regain its value. It is estimated that 9 million Ã¢â¬Å"upside downÃ¢â¬ homeowners continue to struggle to pay for houses that they oweÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These flags along with creditors failing to verify employment, level of income, and predatory loans greatly contributed to the extremely high foreclosure rate. There was a wide range of predatory loans offered over the course of the housing bubble. A couple particular types that were popular with lenders and borrowers was the adjustable interest mortgage (ARM) and the interest only (I-O) loans (Housing 2007). The adjustable rate mortgage loan was extremely appealing to borrowers due to the low introductory interest rate (Housing 2007). These ARM loans were a convenience for investors looking to get in and get out. The low introductory rate kept payments at a minimum while people could get in make upgrades and Ã¢â¬Å"flipÃ¢â¬ the property. The downfall to this type of loan came to those who could not sell or were looking to keep the property. Once the loan hit a particular day usually the two year mark the interest rate would fluctuate upward and make the payment unaffordable for many. This type of loan greatly contributed to the subprime foreclosure numbers totaling 1.65 million from November 2008 to February 2009 (Squires 2010). Another option offered by lenders was the interestShow MoreRelatedThe Nightmare Of The American Dream1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Nightmare of the American Dream. Introduction The future of work is a topic that many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t take the time to actually analyze and question as to what it will be like when the future actually comes. The films Wage Crisis by Michael Maher; Park Avenue: Money, Power and the American Dream: Why Poverty? by Alex Gibney; and The Secret of Oz by Ben Still, are some of the films that highlight the future of work and the how the wages and the economy are really affecting those who are looking forRead MoreIs The American Dream Creating An American Nightmare?1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIs The American Dream Creating an American Nightmare? Children are told from an early age that they can become anything they want to be, and people flock in droves to the United States, Ã¢â¬Å"The Land of OpportunitiesÃ¢â¬ to achieve this American Dream. Author, James T. Adams, coined the term American Dream in his book Ã¢â¬Å"The Epic of AmericaÃ¢â¬ as, That dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.Ã¢â¬ (Adams pRead MoreThe American Dream : An Unfortunate Nightmare1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The American Dream: An unfortunate Nightmare Institutionalized racism: the big elephant in the room. By definition, institutionalized racism is Ã¢â¬Å"Any action, intentional or unintentional, that is based on race or skin color and that subordinates an individual or group based on skin color or race is racismÃ¢â¬ says professor Vernellia R. Randall( cite). Institutionalized racism exist in ever facet of our society. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re many cases where a decision was made based on someones race. For example: discriminationRead MoreCollege : An American Dream Or A Financial Nightmare? Essay1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCollege: An American dream or a financial nightmare? The increases in tuition affecting today s generation of college students remains a subject worth discussing. If you are a college student or plan on pursuing higher education in the years to come, inflation rates directly influence your tuition. It s important to understand why tuition rates continue to exceed inflation. A majority of contributing factors are dis cussed in this paper. In 2008 the real estate market took a turn forRead MoreThe American Dream, the Global Nightmare Essay1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere is no escape. It encompasses every factor of the modern American lifestyle. It all begins with The American Dream, in which everyone strives to become part of the ideal, the obsession, that supposedly defines how happiness can be obtained. But happiness is not, contrary to the beliefs of the American Dreamers, measured on a checklist including 2.5 kids, 1 dog, 1 cat, quaint house in suburbs, white picket fence, 2 car garage, freshly mowed lawn, etc. That image is a facade over the ever-crumblingRead MoreEssay on The Great Gatsby: American Dream or American Nightmare?1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFitzgerald, The Great Gatsby The American Dream, a long standing ideal embodies the hope that one can achieve financial success, political power, and everlasting love through dedication and hard work. During the Roaring 20s, people in America put up facades to mask who they truly were. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald conveys that the American Dream is simply an illusion, that is idealist and unreal. In the novel, Gatsby, a wealthy socialite pursues his dream, Daisy. In the process of pursuing DaisyRead MoreThe American Dream945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbelieved in the American Dream. People that wanted to live better life come to America and hoped that they will have an opportunity to work and get their dreams. The American Dream is the heart of all American images, its controls how everyone act and what they do. Most people believe that the American Dream can be if you work hard and give all your effort to the work that you do. In the both stories Ã¢â¬Å"The Lost Ã¢â¬ËBeautifulnessÃ¢â¬â¢ Soap and WaterÃ¢â¬ by Yezierska, she gives examples of American Dream that becameRead More Essay on African-American American Nightmare in Song of Solomon798 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmerican Dream or African-American American Nightmare Ã Ã The Declaration of Independence was written so Americans could achieve this dream, but the African slave was never intended to be a part of this American Dream. To the African-American, there were and still are many restrictions that go along with the American Dream. Ã In Toni Morrisons novel, Song of Solomon, Macon Dead craved for the American Dream. He was in denial and believed that he could be just as successful as theRead MoreTaking a Look at Nightmare Disorders992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages A nightmare in particular is an event that typically occurs during the rapid eye movement stage (REM) of sleep. Researchers and psychologist (Lance Schrijnemaekers, 2013; Barlow Durand, 2012; Levin Nielsen, 2009) distinguish nightmares as an event that awakens person, whereas Ã¢â¬Å"bad dreamÃ¢â¬ does not. One of the prominent features that is most notable in nightmares is that they can induce anxiety, fear, as well as distress within an individual who experiences them (Nightmares, 2010). At what pointRead More The Role of Financial Stability in Truman Capotes In Cold Blood1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstability is an important component in the typical view of the Ã¢â¬Å"American dream.Ã¢â¬ It is fair to say that the Clutters embody this concept, which involves a pattern of social and personal virtue that is accompanied by financial stability. The opposite seems true for those characters of Dick and Perry who fail to exhibit virtuous behaviors and therefore, never attain financial stability. These characters embody the Ã¢â¬Å"American nightmare.Ã¢â¬ Capote argues in his story that tragedy is not confined to the
Saturday, December 14, 2019
The Contemporary International System The structure of the contemporary international system involves many different factors that influence how the world operates today. The international system is defined as the study of the interactions among the various actors that participate in international politics, including states, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, sub-national entities, and individuals. The study of international relations aims to evaluate how countries interact within the political and social international system. We will write a custom essay sample on The Contemporary International System or any similar topic only for you Order Now Factors such as, technological change, shifts of national power and various changes in the environment influence todayÃ¢â¬â¢s system and how we live on a day-to-day basis. History is another factor that must be recognized in the shaping of the world system. Events that occurred in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have a great impact today, as we are able to make future projections based on historical trends. The operation and structure of the international system involves various social and political factors that shape the world we live in today. The shaping of the contemporary system was achieved through the concept of globalization. This idea is often referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"shrinkage of the worldÃ¢â¬ and has been made possible through the advancement in modern technology. Globalization is the process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through an international network of political ideas. Today, a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s technological capability is the main indicator of its power. Technology directly affects a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth though innovation. This growth then allows that country to produce military weapons for protection and could potentially throw off the balance of power between states. Technology and innovation can also determine a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s trade capacity, which can limit the amount a country can import and export. A nation with great trade capabilities will experience international financial flows into their country, thus stimulating economic growth. Technology provides a framework for both the relative and absolute power between states and greatly impacts the structure of the international system. For example, if we evaluate the correlation of power and technology throughout history, we see that the United States and Germany experienced dramatic changes in their global position following the second industrial revolution, just as Great Britain had following the first industrial revolution. These powers have since failed to maintain their place at the forefront of technological innovation, and have faded from the international scene. Countries like Japan have been very technologically advanced for the last 50 years and have moved to the forefront of the international scene. The global scene that was once dominated by the United States, may have a new power due to JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s vast technological and innovative capabilities. Businesses have also globalized, as they are now able to interact with companies overseas with the click of a button. Since travel has become Ã¢â¬Å"easyÃ¢â¬ businesses are now able to meet face to face with their international partners on a regular basis. There are proper customs that people must follow when engaging in foreign business practices. For example, the exchange of business cards is a formal practice in countries like China and Japan. Foreign business associates may see it as a sign of disrespect if one is not educated on the proper customs of that country. The structure and operation of the international system is also influenced by the behaviors of the actors within that system. For centuries, the idea of the Ã¢â¬Å"stateÃ¢â¬ was centered upon the idea of inclusion and exclusion. This idea became the centerpiece of national politics for centuries and is a major reason for conflicts within the system. After the French Revolution these states were formed on the three ideologies of realism, liberalism, and idealism. Karen Mingst and Jack Snyder define these ideologies and explain the assumptions behind the weaknesses that lead to misguided policies. Realism instills an appreciation of the role of power but warns that states will suffer if they overreach. The cooperation among states is a way to maximize each individual stateÃ¢â¬â¢s security and often calls for Ã¢â¬Å"backingÃ¢â¬ during times of conflict. World War II resembles a realist idea as each state was drawn to fight to maximize its own security. Liberalism identifies the potential for democracies, but also notes that democracies can lead to tyrannies and the threat of a violent collapse. This arose after World War I in response to the inability to control and limit war within the international system. Lastly, Idealism stresses that a stateÃ¢â¬â¢s values must reinforce any stable political order but recognizes that there is also a potential for conflict. Together these three perspectives form the core of the contemporary international system. In order to fully understand the contemporary international system, we must first understand the historical trends in the state and international system. International Relations can be traced back to the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 where the modern state system was developed. This instituted the concept of sovereignty, which is defined as absolute and perpetual power invested in a commonwealth. This power does not exist in an individual, but in a state. In this, the leaders are limited by divine law and are Ã¢â¬Å"subject to the laws of God and nature. Ã¢â¬ This belief is still held today and believers attribute the legitimacy of the state to the consent of the people. After all, the Ã¢â¬Å"peopleÃ¢â¬ are the fundamental the source of all political power. In conclusion, the contemporary international system was shaped on the basis of globalization, the behaviors of the actors within the international system, and the evaluation of historical patterns. The world is constantly changing and evolving toward a more connected population. The widespread use of social media and continued advances in technology allow the population to connect with each other as if they were sitting in the same room. As we move toward this new era, we must identify these historical patterns in order to further improve our future international relations. How to cite The Contemporary International System, Essay examples
Friday, December 6, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Interpersonal Communicaiton In Animal Ecology. Answer: Introduction Animal communication involves the transfer of information from an individual group of an animal to another, which affects the behavior of the receivers. Information, in this case, can be sent intentionally, for instance in a courtship display, or unintentionally, as in the case of predator to prey. Most of the aspects of animal behavior, for instance, emotional expressions are understood in different ways (Calabrese Berger, 2015, 102). Throughout their lives, animals can gather and weigh information, to make decisions based on different states. Most of the decisions in social interactions, intersexual competition, and mate choice rely on the information transfer, mostly between the senders and the receivers (Calabrese Berger, 2015, 102). The methodology used for this paper is case studies, which provide clear information needed for development of the topic under consideration in animal ecology. This paper provides a detailed report on the benefits of listening skills, and challenge s of incorporating interpersonal communication in animal ecology. Definition And Explanation Of The Three Required Skills The Interpersonal Communication Skill of Listening and the Benefits Effective communication is an innate talent, which most individuals possess, while others do not. However, communication is something which can be learned or practiced. Learning strategies are bound to help individuals especially those dealing with animals in the field of ecology to be able to master their interpersonal communication skills (Knapp et al., 2014, 78). A different technique is used while getting a message across individuals, either in the workplace or different settings. the skill of listening enables human beings to be very well versed with messages passed on to them, either between individuals, groups, and even in interacting with animals in this field. The interpersonal communication skill of listening ensures that messages are not distorted and more so, that the basic and important information is passed as desired from one party to the other. The skill of feedback and benefits There is a need to recognize the availability of different challenges, which interrupt effective communication across different individual and different settings (Knapp et al., 2014, 78). Interpersonal communication has been broken down into different elements, for easier understanding. Common elements in this aspect include; the communicator, who involve the ender and the receiver. The second element is the message, which I the actual speech used or the information which I conveyed. The other element is noise, which refers to anything that tries to distort the message feedback comprises of the message which is returned by the receiver and allowed the receiver to gauge how well his message has been received (Miller Steinberg, 2016, 76). This sill calls for the need to understand where the speaker I coming from, and more so, reflecting on their feelings. If feelings are unclear or hidden, the content of the message is usually paraphrased (Kiesler, 2016, 19). This way, there is a need to use gestures, facial expressions and occasionally nodding to show understanding. Feedback therefore, is also important to human beings, in that it ensures that the message passed is understood, and that time is saved between parties to ensure proper information dissemination in the long run. The skill of questioning and the benefits Eye contact attracts a lot of attention, which in turn leads to effective message transfer in the case of questioning. (Miller Steinberg, 2016, 76). This is considered the most fundamental ingredient of effective questioning and communication. Eye contact takes away all forms of distractions and ensures that the focus is between the sender and the receiver of the message. Now that eye contact is already created, there is a need to give attention, remain ready and more so, being present. With this skill, all background activity is screened out, and the focus is on the speech mannerism and the feeling of the two parties; the sender and the receiver of the messages (Kiesler, 2016, 19). The skill of questioning ensures that every party is on board, in regards to what is being discussed. Another benefit associated with the skill of questioning regard the fact that human beings can ask for clarifications where necessary. This will in turn, help to ensure that a sense of sureness is always obtained before interpreting messages. Key Challenge Fear is the key challenge to incorporating interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology. Fear is the silent killer of communication effectiveness, and loving relationships. In most cases, individuals are fearful in establishing relationships with animals, in the sense of being close to them, and more so, understanding their feelings (Strate, 2004, 82). In most cases, one is not sure how animals might react, hence opt to keep a distance and not interact with them. It is important to note that in most cases, animals are friendly, and it only takes understanding to be at par with them, and understand their worries, emotions, feelings among others (Strate, 2004, 82). Effective interpersonal skills, enable individuals actually to communicate with animals and predict their next moves and feelings, or reactions. Conclusion This paper has managed to bring out the basics of interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology (Strate, 2004, 82). In the case of the three listening and questioning skills, the elements of attentiveness, understanding and eye contact a well as regular feedback have been discussed. The benefits of each have also been brought out in the following action. The field of animal ecology and understanding calls for general and consistent feedback, as well as an emotional contact between the receiver and the sender of information (Lannamann, 2011, 182). Evidently, animals communicate among themselves, but with the embracement of interpersonal skills, it is possible for humans to understand how animals behave generally, and product their behavior in the most efficient ways. The bottom line is that the field of communication might be relatively complex, but understanding is the key to overall effectiveness in this aspect, which applies to both human beings and animals. Recommendation Interpersonal communication can be adequately implemented into the field of animal ecology particularly when individuals remain willing, and more so, where relevant bodies are active enough in enhancing the establishment of this matter (Emerson et al., 2009, 72). Collaboration or teamwork is the best aspect and favorable recommendation towards enhancing the incorporation of interpersonal communication in the field of animal ecology. This includes getting along well with others, and more so, building rapport, to ensure that by the end of the day, both the aim of the receiver and the sender are achieved (Emerson et al., 2009, 72). This recommendation aims at ensuring that correct steps are also followed when it comes to the incorporation of skills and different mechanisms in establishing relationships altogether. Interpersonal communication and how to enhance its effectiveness is considered a mystery and a challenge in most disciplines. However, with the correct knowledge and informati on in place, it is easier to achieve all desired outcomes, without any struggle in the long run (Nicholas et al., 2010, 98). Expert advice, however, still needs to be relied on when making implementations in this discipline. Bibliography DeVito, J.A., 2015.The interpersonal communication book. Pearson. Berger, C.R., and Calabrese, R.J., 2015. Some explorations in initial interaction and beyond: Toward a developmental theory of interpersonal communication.Human communication research,1(2), pp.99-112. Knapp, M.L., Vangelisti, A.L. and Caughlin, J.P., 2014.Interpersonal communication human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed. Miller, G.R. and Steinberg, M., 2015.Between people: A new analysis of interpersonal communication. Science Research Associates. Kiesler, D.J., 2016.Contemporary interpersonal theory and research: Personality, psychopathology, and psychotherapy. John Wiley Sons. Barnlund, D.C., 2016. Interpersonal communication; survey and studies. Strate, L., 2004.Media ecology. John Wiley Sons, Inc. Lannamann, J.W., 2011. Interpersonal communication research as ideological practice.Communication Theory,1(3), pp.179-203. Allee, W.C., Park, O., Emerson, A.E., Park, T. and Schmidt, K.P., 2009.Principles of animal ecology (No. Edn 1). WB Saunders Co. Ltd. O'Connell, A.F., Nichols, J.D. and Karanth, K.U. eds., 2010.Camera traps in animal ecology: methods and analyses. Springer Science Business Media.