Thursday, February 14, 2019
Presentation on Anti-Malaria Mosquitoes Essay -- Powerpoint Presentatio
The Malaria Protozoan poriferan, of the genus Plasmodium.There are two main types of Plasmodiumthat befoul humansPlasmodium FalciparumPlasmodium VivaxTransmitted by female mosquitoesDevelops in mosquito gutMigrates to spittlery glandsTransfers to other organisms through the saliva of the mosquito.The MosquitoA mosquito is an organism of the family Culicidae. The females require a blood meal to develop eggs.The mosquito vector for malaria is the mosquito genus Anopheles.Transfers Plasmodiumthrough saliva while feeding on blood.http//www.aaenvironment.com/Pictures/Mosquito.jpgMalaria, mosquitoes, and humanshttp//www.clongen.com/Plasmodium%20falciparum%20life%20cycle.gifA Mosquito-borne sicknessMalaria is widespread, and very common in parts of the Americas, Asia, and most of Africa.No vaccine availableOnly music is preventative drugs that must be taken continuously.If infected, there is some antimalarial medication available, most notably quinine. virtually other preventative mea sures can be takenMosquito nettingInsecticides exhausting standing waterSo, what is this Anti-malaria mosquito?An anti-malaria mosquito is a mosquito that is immune to malaria.This is good becauseThe malaria will break down inside the mosquito instead of continuing its life cycle.The mosquito will not be able to transmit the malaria to other organisms.There are multiple ideas of how to pretend such a mosquito.Transgenic mosquitoModified symbiontThe transgenic mosquitoA transgenic anti-malaria mosquito is a mosquito that has had a agent inserted to make it kill the malaria while it develops in the mosquito.There have been many a(prenominal) genes tested, including ... ... the genus Asaia stably associate with Anopheles stephensi, an Asian malarial mosquito vector. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences 104(2007) 9047-9051.Li, Chaoyang, Mauro Marrelli, Guiyan Yan, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena. Fitness of Transgenic Anopheles stephensi. Journal of Heredity 99(2008) 275-282.Favi a, G. Bacteria of the Genus Asaia A Potential Paratransgenic Weapon Against Malaria Transgenesis and the Management of Vector-Borne Disease 627(2008)49-59.Yoshida, S. Bacteria expressing single-chain immunotoxin inhibit malaria parasite development in mosquitoes. Molecular and biochemical parasitology 113.1 (2001)89-96.Bibliography Ctd.Knols, B. Transgenic mosquitoes and the fight against malaria Managing technology repulse in a turbulent GMO world. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 77.6, Suppl. S (2007)232-242.