Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Behavioral Health Services

moral ailment refers to any form or indisposition affecting the human brain that has an impact on a somebodys thinking, feelings, behavior, and his interaction with former(a) sight and his environment. The symptoms of kind illness part from mild to acute, depending on the exact illness mired however, if moral illness goes untreated, the private affected often finds difficulty, or inability in deal with their daily activities in life (MedicineNet, 2008, para. 1).Physical illnesses such(prenominal) as heart disease and diabetes argon commonly easy to diagnose via a simple affinity test or a diagnostic examination. This, unfortunately, is not the case with intellectual illnesses. The doctor would take for to rely on the symptoms of the individual (e. g. how long they have been present, how severe they are, etc. ) and conduct a physiological examination to cooperate further information or to verify their initial diagnosis (National make up of Mental wellness, 2005). Although mental illnesses cannot be prevented, they can be treated using medications and various forms of therapy. Deinstitutionalization The deinstitutionalization of mental health uncomplainings during the 1960s was apply to close fell the operation of state mental institutions and was first sweard to be a win-win home for everyonethe conservatives wanted to cut costs, and the liberals envisioned the freedom of the residents of these institutions whom they believe are universe treated involuntarily (Failer, 2002).However, disaster resulted from this movement. Huge numbers game of obviously mentally-ill individuals materialized on the city streets. These individuals were dirty, wearing torn clothing, having hallucinations and talking to themselves or yelling at others, and on the whole, acting in a supernatural manner. Majority of the dispatch patients were transferred to nursing homes, deteriorating neighborhoods, proprietary homes, and low-cost housing. The patients c onfined in nursing homes increase from 19-44% from1950 to 1970 (Kramer, 1975).Particularly affected by the nursing home conditions were the older who received of a sudden shrift because they were not admitted to custodial institutes and for months, they were forced to stay in acute supervise centers waiting for placement in cheaper and more sufficient institutions. Also, a vast percentage of the discharged patients had nowhere to go because they no longer had families, or their families did not want to take them in. Deinstitutionalization resulted in the bank check in the keep safeguard and treatment of the mentally ill. Integrated health thrillMental health function are integrated into immemorial health handle returnss as doing otherwise implies a number of disadvantages. Without mental health providers, there would be no one to conduct diagnostic, capacity, cognitive, and personality assessments for differentiating customary body processes from appointment reaction s, medication side effects, pathology, or a get of these problems. Also, behavioral and mental health problems would not be properly diagnosed and treated. Mental health experts are also needed as their expertise would give to the design, execution, and assessment of patient outcomes and team armorial bearing.Depending on the degree of illness of the mentally-ill patient, other health and sociable services might be needed. Some entirely needs a place where they would not accidentally hurt themselves. Others may just pick up therapy. Some need a place where there are people who will see to it that they are taking medication properly. Some mental illnesses are associated with physical illness, emphasizing the need for aboriginal health guard services. Some need social services such as vocational rehab, family provide groups, and day care centers.Behavioral Health goMental illness refers to any condition or disease affecting the human brain that has an impact on a persons thi nking, feelings, behavior, and his interaction with other people and his environment. The symptoms of mental illness set off from mild to acute, depending on the exact illness involved however, if mental illness goes untreated, the individual affected often finds difficulty, or inability in coping with their daily activities in life (MedicineNet, 2008, para. 1).Physical illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes are commonly easy to diagnose via a simple blood test or a diagnostic examination. This, unfortunately, is not the case with mental illnesses. The doctor would have to rely on the symptoms of the individual (e. g. how long they have been present, how severe they are, etc. ) and conduct a physiological examination to gather further information or to verify their initial diagnosis (National Institute of Mental Health, 2005).Although mental illnesses cannot be prevented, they can be treated using medications and various forms of therapy. Deinstitutionalization The deinstitut ionalization of mental health patients during the 1960s was enforced to close down the operation of state mental institutions and was first believed to be a win-win situation for everyonethe conservatives wanted to cut costs, and the liberals envisioned the freedom of the residents of these institutions whom they believe are being treated involuntarily (Failer, 2002).However, disaster resulted from this movement. Huge numbers of obviously mentally-ill individuals materialized on the city streets. These individuals were dirty, wearing torn clothing, having hallucinations and talking to themselves or yelling at others, and on the whole, acting in a weird manner. Majority of the discharged patients were transferred to nursing homes, deteriorating neighborhoods, proprietary homes, and low-cost housing. The patients confined in nursing homes increased from 19-44% from1950 to 1970 (Kramer, 1975).Particularly affected by the nursing home conditions were the elderly who received short shrif t because they were not admitted to custodial institutes and for months, they were forced to stay in acute care centers waiting for placement in cheaper and more suitable institutions. Also, a huge percentage of the discharged patients had nowhere to go because they no longer had families, or their families did not want to take them in. Deinstitutionalization resulted in the hindrance in the continued care and treatment of the mentally ill. Integrated Health cautionMental health services are integrated into primary health care services as doing otherwise implies a number of disadvantages. Without mental health providers, there would be no one to conduct diagnostic, capacity, cognitive, and personality assessments for differentiating normal body processes from adjustment reactions, medication side effects, pathology, or a blend of these problems. Also, behavioral and mental health problems would not be properly diagnosed and treated. Mental health experts are also needed as their ex pertise would contribute to the design, execution, and assessment of patient outcomes and team care.Depending on the degree of illness of the mentally-ill patient, other health and social services might be needed. Some simply needs a place where they would not accidentally hurt themselves. Others may just control therapy. Some need a place where there are people who will see to it that they are taking medication properly. Some mental illnesses are associated with physical illness, emphasizing the need for primary health care services. Some need social services such as vocational rehab, family support groups, and day care centers. The Managed Care ApproachOn the whole, managed care involves paying for what is becoming and what is medically necessary, using the cheapest resource. The message for Mental Health Services (CHMS) outlines its possible benefits and drawbacks Advantages 1) Better facilities, with more proficient medical professionals. 2) Expanded alternatives, consisting of support services and treatment options. 3) Money saved may be employ for making health insurance cheaper. Disadvantages 1) Patients with long-term mental illnesses may require not just short-term acute care (the preferred alternative in managed care).2) The symptoms of the patient may worsen if hospitalization is denied without offering options for intense care. 3) Difficulty in protecting confidentiality. 4) Difficulty in the continuity of care for patients who receive short-term treatments at different locations. Mental Health Care Funding The three governmental sources that provide benefits for mental health care include Medicare, Medicaid, and the Department of gaffer Affairs. The following outlines the populations eligible for these programs. Note, however, that these are the rudimentary descriptions of who are eligible.Eligibility would mute depend on various specific factors and criteria. Medicare in line populations include individuals aged 65 and above, individu als under age of 65 with authoritative disabilities, and individuals with End-Stage Renal Disease, regardless of age (US Department of Health and Human Services). Medicaid entitled populations include certain low-income individuals who qualify for an eligibility group recognized by the laws that vary according to state (US Department of Health and Human Services). Department of Veteran Affairs.Eligible populations include veterans actively engaged in one of the seven uniform military services. If a veteran has been discharged from the military, he/she can still be eligible if the discharge was not due to dishonorable service (GovBenefits. gov). Recommendations 1) Have primary health care practitioners undergo mental health training or instigate collaboration with mental health experts. This allows primary health care practitioners to attend to the health needs of mentally-ill patients, and the mental health needs of patients with chronic or infectious diseases.2) Develop a carca ss for identifying the exact need of the mentally-ill patient before he/she is admitted. Incorporate clinical and behavioral assessments to determine whether the patient needs medication, counseling, therapy, or a junto of these. 3) Develop and provide rehabilitation programs, therapies, and counseling for the patients and their families and friends. 4) Develop recording systems that digest the continuous supervision, assessment and updating of the patients mental health activities to gather information that would be used for service improvements. References Failer, J. (2002).Who qualifies for rights? Homelessness, Mental illness, and Civil Commitment. Cornell University Press. GovBenefits. gov. VA Health Care Basic Medical Benefits Package for Veterans. Retrieved August 14, 2010 from http//www. govbenefits. gov/govbenefits_en. portal? _nfpb=true&_pageLabel=gbcc_page_category&_nfls= ill-judged&bid=303&mode=report Kramer, M. (1975). Psychiatric Services and the Changing institut ional Scene. Rockville, Maryland. MedicineNet, Inc. (2008). Mental Illness Basics. Retrieved August 13, 2010, from http//www. medicinenet. com/mental_illness/article. htm National Institute of Mental Health.(2005). development about Mental Illness and the Brain. Retrieved August 13, 2010, from http//science. education. nih. gov/supplements/nih5/mental/guide/info-mental-a. htm The Center for Mental Health Services. Managed Mental Health What to Look For What to Ask. Retrieved August 14, 2010, from http//mentalhealth. about. com/ program library/ken/blmmh. htm US Department of Health and Human Services. Medicaid Program universal Information. Retrieved August 14, 2010, from http//www. cms. gov/MedicaidGenInfo/ US Department of Health and Human Services. Medicare Program everyday Information.

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