Friday, May 24, 2019

Motivation and Behavior Essay

motivating refers to the process that drives an organism to be present the way it does. Simply put pauperization causes an organism to eat, sleep, and drink and individuals to participate in the activities they find satisfying. Motivation can separate people into two categories optimist and pessimist. Optimists atomic number 18 those looking for the good in situations and pessimists purpose the bad. Motivational sources can be suck upd as inessential and intrinsic. Extrinsic is the demand that comes from extraneous of the individual. Intrinsic is the motivation of an individual that comes from within. Motivation affects an organisms behavior. Dr. Whitbourne describes six theories in here article from psychology today mind, drive reduction, arousal, incentive, cognitive and self-determination.MotivationAs defined by psychology. active.com, motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is the psychological process that tells humans what to do. A motivation causes humans and other species to drink, eat, play, sleep and reproduce. Without motivation there would be no cerebrate for accomplishing anything. Within the motivation process there be different factors with each individual. Motivation can come in the form of positive motivation and controvert motivation. These motivating factors eventually lead to an emotional state within the individual. Generally motivation creates to type of individuals that nightclub recognizes and relates with optimist and pessimist.Optimistic is disposed to take a fortunate view of events or conditions and to expect the most favorable outcome, (Optimistic,2012). These are the individuals who tend to have a positive outlook on life. In most cases these individuals are look for the good in every situation. From dictionary.com, pessimistic is pertaining to or characterized as the tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things. Pessimists are those individuals who see the worst in everything.Sources of Motivation Extrinsic/IntrinsicExtrinsic is defined by dictionary.com as, not essential or inherent being right(prenominal) a thing outward or external operating or coming from without, (Extrinsic, 2012). Extrinsic motivation is simply that, things that motivate from the external. When looking at individuals who have extrinsic motivation, they tend to not enjoy certain activities, (Huitt, 2011). They tend to be a reward based group and need affirmation from an outside source. end-to-end society many people can be found to fit this category of motivation. As shown a person who only writes poems to be submitted to poetry contests as well as a person who does not like sales but accepts a sales position for the amount of money he/she leave make, (Psychology, n.d.).Intrinsic is defined by dictionary.com as, belonging to a thing by its very nature of or relating to the essential nature of a thing inherent, (Intrinsic, 2012). If ext rinsic is from the external, the intrinsic is from within the individual. These individuals to things because it please them and they find the activity enjoyable, (Psychology, n.d.). These people are not concerned as much with what the outside world or society thinks. They are motivated from within. An example shows, playing chess because the individual enjoys effortful thinking, and a person reading a non-fiction book because they are curious astir(predicate) the topic, (Psychology, n.d.).Motivation and BehaviorFrom an article indite by Susan Drauss Whitbourne, Ph.D. motivation as the cause of behavior is examined. In her article Dr. Whitbourne discuss insights to explain the complexity of behavior. The instinct possible action as Dr. Whitbourne refers to it as the biological set instincts that organisms have, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). These factors are what tell organisms to do in order to survive, such as the lion hunting the antelope or a flock of geese migrati ng south for the winter. The second she describes is the drive reduction theory, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). This theory talks about organisms and how they will try to just ensure that their needs are met and not look for anything else, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011).The article goes on to discuss how critics turn over that if this theory were true no one would do thinks that were considered risky, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). Third Dr. Whitbourne discusses the arousal theory, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). Arousal theory is the opposite of drive reduction, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). Arousal theory is the motivation which drives individuals to increase their stimulation and seek out things that are exciting and outside just what the individual needs, (Motivation the whys of behavior, 2011). Dr. Whitbourne goes on to discuss 3 more theories such as the incentive theory, cognitive theory, and the self-determination theory, (Mo tivation the whys of behavior, 2011)..SummaryMotivation is the process that drives individuals to behave the way they do. Individuals are categorized into two, optimist and pessimist. There are multiple sources of motivations that can be describe as either extrinsic or intrinsic. Whatever the source, individuals are either motivated from within or the world around them. In an article written by Dr. Whitbourne, six theories are described which examine the why of behavior.ReferencesExtrinsic. (2012). In Dictionary.comRetrieved from http//dictionary.reference.com/browse/intrinsic Huitt, W. (2011). Motivation to learn An overview.Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA Valdosta State University.Retrieved from http//www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/motivation/motivate.html Intrinsic. (2012). In Dictionary.com.Retrived from http//dictionary.reference.com/browse/intrinsic Motivation the whys of behavior. (2011, October). Fullfillment at Any Age, (), Retrieved from http//www.psycho logytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201110/motivation-the-why-s-behavior Optimistic. (2012). In Dictionary.com.Retrieved from http//dictionary.reference.com/browse/optimistic Psychology and society. (n.d.).Retrieved from http//www.psychologyandsociety.com/motivation.html

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